1. Read the excerpt from 'Horegallu' The horegallu in our village holds special memories for me as it is inextricably linked with my grandfather. He was a retired schoolteacher and would spend hours every day, sitting under the banyan tree and talking to those resting there. When I would get tired of playing, I would sit next to him and observe the people he was speaking to and listen to their conversations. Most of them were villagers taking a break from their work in the fields nearby. They had to walk long distances each day, carrying heavy burdens on their heads. Tired out by the heat, they would drink the cool water, wash their faces with it and chat with grandfather.
Complete the sentences. a. The central figure in the passage is ............................ b. The word 'inextricably' means .................................. c. Horegallu is important because...................................................... d. The implied meaning of the expression 'heavy burdens' is ........................ (4)
Ans:- a. The central figure in the passage is 'Grandfather.' b. Inextricably is an adverb that means in a manner that is impossible to unravel or separate from something else. c. Horegallu is important because it gives comfort to those who are tired of their burden. d. The implied meaning of the expression 'heavy burdens' is 'the burdens in the heart of the travellers.'
II. “A Horegallu is important in any journey. People carry their burdens according to our situation or capacities. Once in a while we need to stop, put down the burden and rest. Only then can we be refreshed to pick up the load once more. The Horegallu does just that, it helps them regain their strength.” Explain the message of the above lines in a paragraph.
(6) Ans:- The writer's grandfather a retired school teacher used to sit under a banyan tree and listen to the travellers or villagers who came to rest there. He did not give suggestions/solutions to their problems, but just patiently listened to what they had to say.
III. 'No one can solve your problem. You have to do it yourself', 'When a person is in trouble or under a lot of strain finds an outlet for his worries, it relieves half his burden.' This way she relieved them of their burden for a short while, till they are ready to pick themselves up and carry on with their journey. Explain the message of the above lines in a paragraph. (6) Ans:- The second person Ratna who acts as a horegallu was a colleague of the writer. She was middle aged, always smiling & was with the company for 25years. She also did 1more thing. Everyday during lunch hour she would sit with a different person & has a long chat with them. When asked what they chatted she would say 'They share their troubles with me. I only listen'. Everyone needs a Horegallu in their Life's journey. It can be a break, a talk with a friend, vacation, or even an argument which refreshes/refocuses you on your path. Some people are good listeners and trustworthy not to publicize your secrets/problems. We need such people in our life's and should thank them whenever we can.
IV. On the occasion of honouring Ratna for her selfless service to the society, one of her colleagues spoke the following words. (Fill in the blanks with an adjective/ adjective phrase/clause etc.) a. Ratna deedi is a -------------------- person. She is as simple as --------------. She spends hours with us-------------------------. She is very --------------------------- and -------------------- in solving -------------------problems. !! Ratna who--------------------- ---------------------- is our true friend. We always recall her ----------- words with gratitude. (4) Ans:- selfless, ABC, particularly, meticulous, wise, hard, listens and cares, kind.
V. Compare the two characters Grandfather and Ratna or give character traits of these persons (6) Ans:- Grandfather and Ratna have the role of a counsellor (Qualities of a good listener) - Liked long chatting with some persons during the break hours - Sharing troubles with patience and affection - Hear with sympathy and without any judgement - Never break the confidence and tell others secrets - Experiencing others problems - Passing through the stages of friendships - Attempt to discover what he or she was at the moment- Relieve their burden for a short while - Provide a safe, supportive and confidential space - Enable to find a better way of dealing with their situations - Helps to overcome the problems.
VI. Prepare a write -up on the significance of the title "Horegallu" .You may cite examples from the story to justify your stance. (8)
VII. Match box and Horegallu are the two inanimate objects which play vital roles in Ashapurna Debi's story "Match box" and Sudha Murty's anecdote "Horegallu". How do such objects serve their purpose in stories? Substantiate your views with situations from the texts. (8)
VIII. Imagine that your class dramatizes the story "Horegallu" as part of Annual Day Celebration. You are assigned the task of welcoming the audience and introducing the play to them. Prepare the script of the speech for the occasion. (6)
Prepared from Teacher Text SCERT +2 English
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