"Crime and punishment" is a thought provoking short story which keeps its
suspense and twist from the beginning to the end. In this story, R K Narayan
describes humorously how the surroundings, the parent's mentality and
the teacher's attitude influence the personality of a child.
• Expression of humour through the
medium of short stories
Role of corporal punishment in a learning atmosphere
Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing giving the author's own
argument. However, this definition is vague, overlapping with those of an
article, a pamphlet and a short story
There are four different types of essays: the expository essay, the persuasive essay, the analytical essay and the argumentative essay.
An expository essay is a specific kind of essay that involves investigating an
idea, evaluating the evidence, presenting the idea, and supporting the presentation with an argument.
Expository essays are usually written using comparison and contrast,
definition, example, and the analysis of cause and effect.
A persuasive essay is an essay used to convince a reader about a particular
idea or focus, usually one that you believe in. Your persuasive essay could
be based on anything about which you have an opinion.
An analytical essay seeks to explore a central idea or question based on a
text(s) and a learners engagement with that text.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the learners to
investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a
position on the topic in a concise manner.
The following is one of the ways of writing an essay.
• Collect maximum information on your topic. Go online, head to the
library, or search an academic database.
• Never ignore facts and claims that seem to disprove your original idea
or claim. A good essay writer either includes the contrary evidence and
shows why such evidence is not valid or alters his or her point of view in
the light of the evidence.
• Analyze well-written essays. In your research you'll probably come
across really well-written (and not so
well-written) arguments about your topic. Do some analysis to see what
makes them work. • Brainstorm your own ideas. You can use the arguments of others to back up what you want to say.
However, you need to come up with your original view or thoughts on the
topic to make it uniquely yours.
• Look at the ideas that you have generated. Choose one to three of
your strongest ideas that support your topic. You should be able to support
these ideas with evidence from your research.
• Plan your essay: Take the thoughts that you brainstormed and assemble
them into an outline. Write a topic sentence for your main ideas. Then,
underneath, make bullet points and list your supporting evidence.
Generally, you want three arguments or pieces of evidence to support
each main idea.
• Body of the essay. You have to think about length here; don't write
pages and pages if your teacher wants 5 paragraphs. However, you should
let your thoughts reveal themselves.
You can always make them more concise later.
• Avoid sweeping generalizations. Statements such as "______ is the
most important problem facing the world today," can cause your reader
dismiss your position out of hand if he/she disagrees with you. On
the other hand, "______ is a significant global problem" is more
• Don't use "I" statements such as "I think." Likewise, avoid the
personal pronouns "you," "we," "my," "your" or "our". Simply stating
your argument with supporting facts makes you sound much more
authoritative. Instead of writing, "I found Frum to have a conservative
bias," tell the reader why your statement is true: "Frum displays
a conservative bias when he writes..."
• Title and introduction: Your title and introduction make people want
to read your essay. If your teacher is the audience, then of course your
teacher will read the whole piece.
However, if you're submitting to an essay contest or writing an essay for
college admissions, your title and introduction have to hook the reader
if you want to meet your objectives.
• Conclusion: Summarize your points and suggest ways in which your
conclusion can be thought of in a larger sense.
• Teacher talks about the features of good essay. Give the learners
awareness about different types of essays and read a sample in the class.
• Allow the learners to dig into their own personal backgrounds to write
an expressive essay.
• Emphasize the importance of drafting and revising essays with this
lesson, and encourage students to use their imagination!
• Topical sequencing of ideas
• Quality of language
• Appropriateness of language