NEW ADDITIONS -AN EXCLUSIVE PACKAGE FOR REVISION IN 12 ...PLS SEND YOUR COMMENTS TO TO NEW READERS........To read notes on a particular topic ,type the word(s) in the seach page window on the LHS OR GO TO THE INDEXED BLOG LINK IS AVAILABLE ON THE RHS.Happy blogging to all.PLS SEND YOUR ARTICLES TO 12000 views on the two days before the first term exam on 21/08 /2017.Proud to be part of a useful project.updated as on 1/12/2017;DEAR READERS ,ALL THE BEST FOR A COOL EXAM IN 12 ENGLISH-18/03/2018 - CKR

Friday, December 1, 2017

Akash Manoj, a student who built device to predict ‘silent’ heart attacks

The achievement of  Akash Manoj  can be presented  while discussing entrepreneurship( unit 3/Three wheeled revolution ).

The story ( credits to the Hindustan Times )

Meet Akash Manoj, a student who built device to predict ‘silent’ heart attacks

project summary

Monday, November 6, 2017

For what still the sky is crying ? -MISBA FRANCIS

Once.... there's a world ,a world of sadness,
A world of sadness
Everything goes normal
But she's alone right there
Memories... Memories ...Memories
Memories flew away.
May be mind threw it out
Once there was a world.
A world of happiness.
Lovely , o' lovely,
Silly ,o ' silly
He is happy.Always be happy.
Smile.Smile should  be  the arrrow
Positive .. want to be a bow
As like a freezy , free freezy girl ,
She is going on ...
She hates something..
Something.. something.. something ,  some.....
But she doesn't know that the world needs her
And the world loves her..
Love should be the arrow
Heart wants to be a bow..
The earth ... earth is rotating
The sun is rising
Moon ..its smile flows to each one of us..
For each one of us
Yes,it is the time
For the meeting of those  two eyes.
Eyes.. Eyes.. Eyes
It is the secret of the heart.
It shows how much we are in...
He understands that she needs help.
And the help of some one,
He told her ....
Memories  ..memories ...memories  that's something precious
Love your world , Love with your heart

The moon is smiling,
The stars twinkle.
They were waiting for you,only for you.
Soon comes a rain
From somewhere quietly
To refresh this world with happiness and joy

Every one.Every one.Every one.  Taken their umbrellas.
But they two walk in that rain
To love that rain
To feel those drops
He told her
Far or near , You are my dear.
young or old ,you are my gold
East or west you are my best
But still why the sky is weeping
For what still the sky is crying ?

_MISBA FRANCIS,11 BATCH ,Dr.AGHSS KODOTH( 14015 ) , Kasargod

click here for the audio

Sachidanandan about stammer

Sunday, November 5, 2017

Tributes to a Mentor

One of our resource persons AVANEENDRANATH MASTER passed away on 4.11.2017.
HE was one of my mentors in teaching English.We have met on  a few  roads ,not taken by many.
He was present  when there were  residential camps for English teachers organised by ELTIF.
 THE LAST TIME WE MET WAS IN A DISTRICTWISE MEETING to discuss the pros and cons of Pothuvidyabhyasa Samrakshana Yanjam( THE CAMPAIGN TO PROTECT PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM ).


The memories of our Avani sir painfully lingers.He was a teacher with a different bent of mind.A person of substance who walked miles ahead of us in teaching career.His presence made many of our past sessions in cluster meetings lively and useful.his words have enlightened the english teaching community.let his words smoulder in our hearts longer.Prayerful homage to Avaneendran Sir.

-FLABIAN JOHN (quoted from a whats up post )

Really shocking.Losing the real mentor and inspiration.How often we turned to thee.The routine clusters in Kasargode reverberated with your wit and  ideas.Learned from you the art of evaluating answer sheets and you reminded us of the scapegoat if we hurried. Never to forget the the warmth and affection showered on us.Goodbye, sir .How much we miss you !

-VINAYARAJ P(quoted from a whats up post )

Another video by Dr. Sreerekha. R on THE WRECK OF THE TITANIC

Another video by Dr. Sreerekha. R on THE WRECK OF THE TITANIC(11 Reader)

click here to download

Thursday, November 2, 2017

Video on The Trip of Le Horla by DR SAJEENA SHUKKOOR

One more video by DR SAJEENA SHUKKOOR based on the lesson The Trip of Le Horla.   Please watch it and give her the feedback.

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Videos by Dr. Sreerekha ,Thiruvananthapuram

Here are a few links of the videos prepared for plus one lessons by
Dr.Sreerekha R from Thiruvananthapuram

Price of Flowers narrated by ShankarRecordings - YouTube

 And then Gandhi Came - YouTube

Death The Leveller by ShankarRecordings - YouTube

-credits to Thomas Thottippal.

These videos can be used for self learning ,esp for special learners.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

11 Eng -Improvement Exam JULY 2017 Answers

click here  for answer key ( IMPROVEMENT EXAM 11 ENGLISH JULY 2017 )
For answers to questions in other subjects click here

Thursday, August 10, 2017

English Edumate for 12 published


 Questions from all chapters of each subject of Std. XII have been developed along with the scoring indicators. Hope that this question bank titled “Edumate’’ will be helpful to learners as well as teachers-SCERT

click here to download


Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Answers to improvement question aug 2017

1.The little bird waited in surpise.( similiar answers.)
2.His mother's trick made him play .( similiar answers.)
3. The mother bird was helping the chick to learn to fly.It is what parents do.they teach us how to face the challnges of life.( similiar answers.)

4. (a).IT can affect our social relations.(b).IIT can result in  a waste of time (c).IT can affect our studies. (d).IT can get us trapped into financial problems.

5.Babu : Shall we go for a picnic ?
   Liju   : I am sorry. We go for a film.If you had informed me , I would not   have  fixed the film. If  we have any change in the programme ,I will call you immediately.

10.The view is superb.It is dark on the earth. But we are stilI in the light, and it is now past ten o'clock. Now, we begin to hear slight country noises, the double cry of the quail in particular, then  the mewing of cats and the barking of dogs. Surely, the dogs have scented the balloon;They have seen it and have given the alarm.

11........will be completed soon

Sunday, July 30, 2017

VIDEO PRESENTATION of the poem Any Woman published by Dr Sajeena Shukkoor

VIDEO Presentation of the poem Any Woman by Katherine Tynan prescribed in Class XII English textbook prescribed by SCERT, done by Dr Sajeena Shukkoor

Tuesday, July 25, 2017


 Tips to write AN ARTICLE /A SPEECH on MY DREAM OF A NEW INDIA based on gandhian values ( 11 READER-THEN GANDHI CAME -ACTIVITY 3)

Important ideas from the outgoing president's speech

1.A modern nation is built on some essential fundamentals -democracy or equal rights for all,secularism or equal freedom to faith to all,equality of every religion and economic equity.

2.For development to be real,the poorest shall feel that they are a part of the narrative .(This echoes Mahatma Gandhi who wrote  as.. I SHALL WORK FOR AN INDIA IN WHICH EVEN THE POOREST SHALL FEEL THAT IT IS THER COUNTRY-CKR)

3. The soul of India resides in pluralism and tolerance.

4. The capacity for compassion and empathy is the true foundations of our civilisation.

5.Gandhiji saw India as an inclusive nation where every section of our population lived in equality and enjoyed equal opportunity.

6. He wanted our people to move forward unitedly in ever-widening thought and action.(influence of Tagore-CKR )
7. Financial inclusion is at the core of an equitable society. We must empower the poorest of the poor and ensure that the fruits of our policies reach the last person in the line.
8.To lead healthy, happy and productive lives is the basic right of our citizens.
9.The quest for happiness is closely tied to the quest for sustainable development, which is the combination of human well-being, social inclusion and environmental stability
10.A sustainable environment would prevent damage to the planetary resources. Social inclusion would ensure access to the fruits of progress to all.
12.A reordering of society is possible through the transformative power of education. For that, we have to upgrade our higher institutions of learning to world-class levels.
13. Our universities should not be a place for rote-memorising but an assembly of inquisitive minds. Creative thinking, innovation and scientific temper have to be promoted in our institutions of higher learning. It calls for application of logic through discussion, argument and analysis. These qualities have to be cultivated and autonomy of mind has to be encouraged

11.Good governance would provide the ability to people to shape their own lives through transparent, accountable and participatory political institutions,
 closing of  the speech

Fellow citizens, during my five years in Rashtrapati Bhavan, we tried to build a humane and happy township. We found happiness that is associated with joy and pride, smiling and laughter, good health, feeling of safety and positive actions. We learnt to wear a smile always; to laugh at life; to connect with nature and get involved with the community. And then, we extended our experience to a few villages in the neighbourhood. The journey continues

When the students are asked to write  a speech on your dream of a new India based on Gandhian values,most  of the above  ideas can be used in their own words.

You may end the speech like this(based on the closing of the speech )

I will try to build a humane and happy Nation.I find that happiness........I will ensure that there is laughter,good health,feeling of safety everywhere......

Further reading on the topic :

1. And then Gandhi came by JAWAHARLAL NEHRU( 11 reader,unit 2,DHSE Kerala)






Practise writing sentences like

I dream of a  new India where there is no poverty .

food for all,shelter for all, employment for all,sustainable development ,environment is protected,equality for men and women, communal harmony,tolerance,social inclusion,pluralism,no discrimination,no untouchability,freedom of speech,freedom of faith,

word card

Monday, June 26, 2017


It is a fact that a woman is the central figure of the family. She does all the work. She does all the washing, cooking, cleaning and so on . She is doomed to do all the work, including those of the menial ones such that she does not have the time to do anything else. She does not have the chance to work outside her home and earn money for herself. She has no opportunity to realise her potential. It is all because of the multitude of work she has in her family. Even women employed outside their homes face difficulty to continue work due to this. This has to be changed. The chores should be shared in a family. It is the first lesson of empowerment. A woman can learn, work and take leadership only if the work done by her in her family is reduced. Only then shall she attain empowerment.

-Prepared by Allen Louis,12 SCIENCE,GHSS KAMBALLUR (26/6/2017)

Thursday, June 15, 2017


Most of the questions in the public examination demand  the students of higher secondary  to prepare reviews of films,news reports ,editorials,letters to editors based on contemporary social issues.In order to excel in these exams students must make it a habit to read the English dailies.But are they reading ?My experience is that they are not.

 I have made several attempts to help them read  good English by making the newspapers available in the campus since early morning.I have told them that they need not read all the things published in a news paper. They might  start reading the sports columns ,then interesting news reports, advertisements on job vacancies and then the editorial page.I  have been trying to initiate discussions by taking a copy to the classroom and there were batches of students who indulged in serious reading and responded to the news items meaningfully until a few years ago.But recently I find that students can't read and understand most of the news items as they have never got a chance to read English dailies.So I have to read out the news items aloud first and  then explain the ideas in simple English or some times in Malayalam and then initiate discussions.This takes a major part of the class time and hence can not be done  every period.

             Another method I tried last year was to design a quiz every day based on the day's news items.Some students showed interest in the beginning but eventually they  gave up.Students have subscribed to  newspapers  in English during previous years but they have never tried to read seriously.I have found the students   sitting on the newspapers,using them to clean the desks or to collect and sell in bundles on a monthly basis but never to read  meaningfully.

 How can we make them read effectively is one topic which needs immediate responses from the teachers.One thing I have noticed is that the recent change in  time table restricting the school days in the higher secondary section  to 5 days a week and the 10 period structure from 9  am to 4.30 pm every day has negatively affected language learning too.There is no time to take rest and read. There is no provision for morning gatherings, after lunch meetings or afternoon sessions for club activities which was done at least once a week during previous years.All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. This seems to be true in the case of every higher secondary student ! During  this week for reading at least we should think seriously about  initiating effective reading among the students .

Read the newspapers online





Monday, June 5, 2017



All the questions from 2015 onwards carry a question to prepare a profile  of a well known person. But the hints are given in different styles.

 Preparing Profiles

Let us go through each one and prepare the profiles.


Sunday, June 4, 2017

World environment day 2017 slogans

What do the forests bare? Soil, water and pure air. Save the trees!

Lets move towards blue and green to keep the to keep the land and water cool and clean.

Plant a tree, grow a flower let us give mother earth to give them back her power.

Protect The Earth ; Protect The Ocean.

Mother Nature: Love Her or Lose Her.

Save Trees, Save Environment.

If you cut a tree, you kill a life.

Don't make Trees rare, keep them with care.

Take care of the trees, they will take care of you.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Monday, April 3, 2017

Report from the valuation camp

1. A candidate scores  0 for all the questions but 4/4 for Question no.10 ( qn paper for  12 ,march 2017 ) WHICH CHECKS KNOWLEDGE IN GRAMMAR .Only two choices were given for each question  .The student just selects the correct one by virtue of  luck or copies the answers from some other papers.It is clear that such questions fail in  serving  their purpose.(4/4/2017)



High would like to apply for the post of a teacher......

( The student scores morea than 70 out of 80 though he / she makes this mistake!)

Monday, March 27, 2017

11 12 Question Papers MARCH 2017 and the Answers



Objective Type Answers :

1.Shaheen Mistri is the narrator.

2. The author means polished by the word 'manicured'-

3.The teacher was obliged to begin the story .....of   a bison and a tiger and then he passed on to '' Ali Baba and Forty Thieves'' and “Aladdins Lamp” .The boy listened and ordered.'' I want to hear the story of the bison again. It is good.”The teacher was short ...of..... breath.

4.The purpose of this letter is to provide a character reference to Mr. Ram whom I have known as a colleague and a friend for a period of five years. I believe I am in a position  to provide you with a pretty accurate assessment of his character.

 As an employee,he has been very hard working and highly committed to his job. He has also been very outgoing and always willing to help others. I would conclude saying that Mr.Ram is a fine,well balanced person with an abundance of  ( with abundant )positive qualities.

5. The three Ls referred to are Learning , Labour  and Leadership.

6.Impediment means :    hindrance, obstruction, obstacle, barrier, bar, handicap, block, check, curb, brake, restraint, restriction, limitation, encumbrance, deterrent; problems , issues

10.After Marshal left , Baldwin took out his diary and wrote as follows.
God ! What a turn of events ! I never thought that my own wife and children would persuade me to do a dishounourable thing. I was almost pushed into accepting the bribe .Thank God ,  Marshall came  as a pleasant surprise,though.I  feel  pity for poor Gresham. May god bless him

12 question value points 



value points :


12 Question in Slides

Wednesday, March 15, 2017



I hope this presentation  will be helpful to slow learners and special learners for self learning.Teachers can make use of this for a quick revision of the whole text in 12


Pls write your comments after perusing this tool .I have spent all my leisure time (3hrs X 8 days) after exam duty every day for preparing and modifying this presentation.Tell me whether it serves the purpose.

Monday, March 13, 2017

Preparing reports of public functions-a tool for Special learners IN 12

Both the questions March 2016 and June 2016 carry one question each on preparing reports of public functions.So we are publishing a power point presentation and a pdf file  which will help special learners to prepare reports of public functions.Hope students and teachers involved in revising the second year topics will find this useful.

CLICK THIS LINK FOR A PDF FILE :A TOOL FOR Preparing reports of public functions

Friday, March 10, 2017

Short Speeches for begginners - Models for primary students

Speeches  - Models for primary students


Dear friends ,
A warm good morning to all of you .Today is Balakalolsavam. On this nice occasion,  my best wishes for all of you. Balakalosavam means a festival of children .Let us hope the children feel more confident and happy today. Let us use this occasion to speak , to sing, to dance to act and to enjoy .
-Thank you all
Respected chair, honourable chief guest  , dignitaries on and off the dias, teachers , parents and my dear friends ,
A warm good morning to all of you .Today is Balakalolsavam. On this nice occasion,  my best wishes for all of you. Balakalosavam means a festival of children .Let us hope the children feel more confident and happy today. Let us use this occasion to speak , to sing, to dance to act and to enjoy .
-Thank you all
Higher level
Dear friends ,
A warm good morning to all of you .Today is Balakalolsavam. On this nice occasion, my best wishes for all of you. Balakalosavam means a festival of children .There will be more opportunities for children  to speak , to sing, to dance ,to act and to enjoy. This will make them more confident. This will make them more skilled. This will help them to grow up as better children. Better  children means better future for the Nation. So we need more programmes like this every year. Let me wish everyone assembled here all the best. All the best, friends. Enjoy the day.
-Thank you all
Speeches on various topics are available online.
Try the following links:

Friday, March 3, 2017



(Qns 1-4) Read the passage and answer the following questions.
My dear friend, you have put the most difficult question among the many questions that I have received from millions and millions of students whom I have met. I value your question.
1. Who is referred to here as ‘my dear friend’?
A) A nervous and typical representative of the Indian youth- a teenager from a far away village is referred to here as ‘my dear friend’. He put forward a question of great concern.
2. What was the most difficult question that was put before Dr. Kalam?
A) The most difficult question that was put before Dr. Kalam was about his fear to achieve his dreams. He was afraid to talk to his teachers and his friends. He even wanted to be the captain of the ship. But he complains that his education didn’t help him to gain any confidence. He wanted to know if he could do all these things and achieve this mission.
3. Why did Dr. Kalam value that question?
A) Dr. Kalam valued that question because the question and the fearful condition of the boy represented the fear of many youths. He congratulated the boy saying that it was the most difficult question he had ever faced.
4. What was the name of the poem that Dr. Kalam recited in response to the question?
A) The name of the poem was “ I will Fly”.
5. “What kind of a country is India, Sir?” asked Mrs. Clifford, as she resumed her cooking. ‘ A beautiful country.’ ‘Safe to live in?’ . In the questions of Mrs. Clifford we see her concern about India.
What was the picture that Mrs. Clifford and Maggie had in their minds about India?
A) Mrs. Clifford and Maggie in the story “The Price of Flowers” written by Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay were really anxious to know more about India. They had a fearful picture in their minds about India. Mrs. Clifford’s son Frank was working as a soldier in India. They hadn’t heard from him for long and so they were curious to meet an Indian to enquire about India. They believed that India was a place full of tigers and snakes and fevers. Besides they had heard people in India had occult powers.
6. Imagine that you are a tourist guide at the Island of Kadavu. A group of foreign tourists visit the place. Introduce the ritual of turtle calling to them.
A) It’s my pleasure to welcome you to this wonderful and amazing Island of Kadavu. The Island you see now belongs to Namuana Village famous for the ritual of turtle calling. The women of Namuana village will be on their strange chants and you will be stunned to see that the strange giant turtles rise up to the surface. If you want to see it clearly, you can climb that rock. I think it is the apt time to narrate that strange story. There were two beautiful women in the village called Namuana-Tinaicoboga ,the wife of the village chief and her daughter Raudalice. They were fishing in the sea. They were so engrossed in fishing that they did not notice the stealthy approach of a Great War canoe, filled with fishermen. The fishermen leapt from their canoe and seized the women, bound their hands and feet with twine. When the Sea Gods heard their cries, they were kind enough to make a wild storm and waves to frighten the fishermen. At this time the fishermen noticed that the Gods had turned the women into turtles. Then they threw them into the sea. It is now believed that the ancestors of those two turtles are coming to the surface of the sea to see the people of Namuana. Oh ! my Goodness ! There you can see a Nabukelevu village man appearing on the shore and turtles going down to the sea. That man really ruined our beautiful view.
By the by you have to be very alert to witness this strange ritual of turtle calling and hunting of these turtles are strictly prohibited. Anyhow hope you all enjoyed this ritual. Now it’s time to head back. Thank you all.
7. ‘You can judge a man’s true character by the way he treats his fellow beings.’- Paul McCartney.
You are moved by the story of Hasan, the serang. You want to talk in the School assembly about his love, kindness, concern for fellow beings and selflessness and expose hypocrites like Miss Jope-Smith. Prepare the script of the speech that you would deliver.
A) Respected Principal, my dear Teachers and loving friends,
It’s of course ,my privilege to stand before you on this day to share my viewpoints after studying the character ‘Hasan, the Serang’ in the story “Serang of Ranaganji” written by Dr.A J Cronin.
We all are living in a society where everyone is not treated equally and many are discriminated on the basis of religion, creed, caste and other social taboos. But I am sure such thoughts would have no place in our mind after reading the story of Hasan, the Serang.
Hasan in this story was a normal person like anyone else. But he is treated as an ugly man and vulgar creature by the social promoters of the ship like Miss Jope-Smith. She makes fun of him without trying to understand his potentials and other good virtues. The story of Hasan has proved us that we can never judge a man by his looks. Thus this story really exposes hypocrites like Miss Jope-Smith.
When many people in the ship were affected with small pox, Hasan showed no reluctance in taking care of them. He served the people not for any economic profit. He considered it as his duty as a human being to save the people at the time of danger. He didn’t think that he would get the same disease. It was he who took initiative to prepare a shelter for the poor patients on the afterdeck. He was satisfied with the way he was. He was completely detached from the usual hope of reward. He had courage, self control and faith as his wealth. We will be wondering when we see him sewing the shrouds for the dead people. He himself read aloud a short passage from the Ramayana before their bodies.
In this present world, we all are satisfied with the profits and economic benefits. It is at this juncture, Hasan stands different. We all are getting blinded by the evils of the world. It’s high time to open our eyes from selfishness. The social promoters like Miss Jope-Smith failed to realize that it was Hasan who saved them from getting affected by small pox. Yes, there are so many fashionable people like this. They will never do anything for the good of the society. They are really hypocrites who fail to realize any good in their fellow-beings.
Let’s be selfless in our attitude and treat everyone equally. Let’s work together to make this world a better place to live in. Strive to be virtuous…. Thank you
8. ‘ …………….down the corridors of all time,
The Titanic’s story shall sound sublime.’ Why?
A) The Titanic’s story will be remembered for ever because of the heroic courage and noble attitude shown by the Captain Smith and other crew who were in the ship. They showed so much courage and saved millions of people from sinking into the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. But they never tried to rescue themselves. The Titanic’s sinking was awfully a grand scene as the bands played “Nearer My God to Thee” while it was drowning. The Captain advises the crew to be British . Like Battle of Trafalgar, Waterloo, The Light Brigade, their acts will be remembered for ever.
9. Fill in the blanks with the correct options.
It was a very interesting match. Neither of the teams (1) was able to win a decisive victory in the first half. In the second half, one of the players (2) was injured and Team B suffered a set back. Team A had a clean victory. The coach, along with the players (3) was awarded. Each of the player(4) was given a present.
10. “Go to the woods and hills! No tears
Dim the sweet look that Nature wears.”
Explain in a paragraph the message conveyed by these lines.
A) These lines are from the poem “Sunrise on the Hills” written by an influential American Poet H.W Longfellow. In this poem he presents his own experience as he watches the sun rise amidst the hills. He considers nature as a counsellor, guide and redeemer. In these lines he advises us to go to Nature at the time of sadness and agony. He says that Nature is the perfect medicine that heals our wounds both mentally and physically. Nature strengthens us and brings out a smile which can last forever. Ultimately she provides solution for all our problems we face in our daily life. It relaxes us and makes a soothing effect. Being a perfect guide, it takes us through the right path. All the more it makes us aware of the philosophy of life. Our life is a mixture of both sorrow and happiness. Nature teaches us that after every dark night there is a beautiful morning.
11. The title of the lecture was a question: “ Is the End in sight for Theoretical Physics?”. Hawking startled his listeners by announcing that it was. He invited them to join him in a sensational escape through time and space to find the Holy Grail of science: the theory that explains the universe, and everything that happens in it.
As a newspaper reporter you were present at the inaugural lecture by the new Lucasian Professor Stephen Hawking. Later you prepared a report for your newspaper. Write the report that you prepared. 
BY Nicholas Mathew
Washington DC, July 10th 2016: “Is the End in sight for Theoretical Physics?”. This was one of the important questions confronted by the scientists of the Modern Era. Now the solution or the perfect answer was done by the 38 year old the youngest Lucasian Professor Stephen Hawking. They call him as supernova of Physics.
His lecture on 29th April 1980 led everyone gathered in the Cockcroft Lecture Room into a sensational escape through time and space to find the Holy Grail of Science. It all started with a question made by him, “Is the End in Sight for Theoretical Physics?”. Everyone was startled by his question. And he even admitted that he also thought that it was the end in sight for Theoretical Physics. Everyone presented there admitted that it was by far the best lecture presented there so far.
In the end he was awarded for his outstanding performance. It seems like the world of Physics and Science about to have a great change.
Being the best example for ‘Good can come out of any adversity’, Stephen Hawking still explores and explodes. He explains the unquenchable thirst for knowledge. He proves out to be a real inspiration for modern scientists.
(Qns 12-13) Read the following lines from the poem “To Sleep” and answer the questions.
Without Thee what is all the morning’s wealth?
Come , blessed barrier between day and day.
Dear mother of fresh thoughts and joyous health!
12. Identify the poetic device in “blessed barrier between”?
A) The poetic device used here is ‘alliteration’. The consonant sound ‘b’ is repeated in these three words.
13. Elaborate the ideas in the above lines.
A) William Wordsworth the High Priest of Nature in his short sweet poem “To Sleep” tells us the importance of having sound sleep. Sleeping is indeed an essential thing as the air we breathe. One who gets a sound sleep will be very active and energetic to do his things well. These lines remind us the same truth. The wealth of the morning cannot be enjoyed without sleep. The Poet was deprived of sleep for the past three nights. So he makes a prayer. He wants sleep to come and bless him to have fresh thoughts and joyous health. As a poet he wants to have creative ideas for making good poems. Ultimately sleep will help us to have good health. It keeps us mentally and physically fit.
14. Walking for walking’ s sake may be a highly laudable and exemplary thing as it is held to be by those who practise it. But Max Beerbohm has a different opinion.
Do you agree with him? Why? Write in a paragraph.
A) No, I don’t completely agree with his opinion. Walking offers us good health and physical balance. It is of course a productive exercise that keeps us alert and active. Walking helps us to get the blood flow and concentration increased. But when we walk with someone , the concept changes. According to Max Beerbohm, it stops the brain. We have to blindly accept his opinions and remarks. It is at this point I agree with the author. But even then walking has its own advantages. It will surely increase our health. When we walk, it is good for Nature. Walking reduces the using of vehicles and the air will not be more polluted. When we walk with a definite purpose, it will add to our health. As a whole in this essay, ‘Going out for a Walk’, Max Beerbohm looks at walking from a different perspective. He challenges the notion that walking is a productive mental exercise. According to my viewpoint, a regular concentrated walking is always accepted.
15. Write a precis of the following passage, reducing it to one-third of its length.
English education and English language have done immense good to India, in spite of their glaring drawbacks. The notions of democracy and self-government are the boon of English education. Those who fought and died for mother India’s freedom were nursed in the cradle of English thought and culture. The West has made contribution to the East. The history of Europe has fired the hearts of our leaders. Our struggle for freedom has been inspired by the struggles for freedom in England, America and France. If our leaders were ignorant of English and if they had not studied this language, how could they have been inspired by these heroic struggles for freedom in other lands? English, therefore, did us great good in the past and if properly studied will do immense good in future.
English is spoken throughout the world. For international contact, commerce and trade, for the scientific studies, English is indispensable. English is very rich in literature, our own literature has been made richer by this foreign language. It will really be a fatal day if we altogether forget Shakespeare, Milton, Keats and Shaw.
A) English the International Language
English language has made far reaching results and impact in the Indian’s outlook and attitude. We should try to acknowledge its merits than its drawbacks. We should be grateful to the English culture for the type of democracy and self-government we follow. Our struggle for freedom has been inspired by the English freedom struggles. Thus English language brought us so much good both in the past and in the present world. Let’s hope it will do the same in future too. Being a universally accepted language, English is indispensable in our life. We use it in our international contact, commerce and trade. Besides , English has contributed much to our literature too. We should never belittle the contributions of Shakespeare, Milton, Keats and Shaw in this regard.
(Qns 16-19) Read the following lines from the poem “Death the Leveller” and answer the questions.
The glories of our blood and state
Are shadows, not substantial things:
There is no armour against Fate.
16. The glories of our blood and state are shadows. Why?
A) The glories of our blood and state are shadows because they will not last for long. They are not substantial things. They will not last long after our death. Here glories of blood and state refer to our family status, position and wealth. When death lays its icy hands, it levels everything and no one can stop it. Thus all our glories will be faded after a certain time of our earthly life.
17. Why does the poet say that there is no armour against fate?
A) The poet says that there is no armour against fate because death treats everyone equally. It considers all alike, the high and the low, the rich and the poor, the strong and the weak. There is no discrimination in front of death. We can never build armour against fate. All that we have conquered in this world can never be taken with us when we die. They all are shadows and not substantial things. Only our good deeds will remain in the end.
18. If the glories of our blood and state are shadows, what can survive death?
A) The actions of the just can survive death.
19. The word ‘substantial’ means …..
A) Concrete
20. There were little white wires hanging down from their ears, or tucked into pockets, purses of jackets. The eyes were little vacant. Each was in his or her musical world, walking to their sound track, stars in their own music video, almost oblivious to the world around them.
Here the author describes the i-Pod people. Now, after ten years of this, i-Pod has been replaced by modern smart phones. What is the situation now?
Write a short essay on “Smart phones: a boon or curse”.
We all know that our world is developing day by day faster than we think. This development has made lots of things easier for us.
Smart phones also come into being as a part of development. It brought about tremendous changes in our life styles. First of all let me point out the good aspects of smart phones. It makes lots of our jobs easier and saves our valuable time. It helps us to have our friendship circle wider. People can contact anyone in the world at short time. Smart phones also help people to put a reminder for anything they want to remember. They also proved life saver for human beings in many areas related with human health. It also proved boon for business to get crucial information. Above all smart phones make people smarter and it helps people to get in touch with the rest of the world.
Smart phones have their disadvantages too. This is really hazard for human life. People suffer health problems of cancer due to electromagnetic waves. The excessive use of smart phones ruin the social life of the people. They lose sight of the real friends. It upsets the reality of life. Since anything is made available in smart phones, people can’t lead a successful happy life by mingling with others. It also affects their creativity faculty.
21. Prepare an article on how technology has changed the lives of modern people.
Technology has really changed the life style of the people. The advancements of technology has made tremendous changes in the status of living too. In this present world people can’t live without technology. It has really become the part and parcel of life. Now let’s see how technology controls the life style of the people
First of all when we think about technology it is influencing human lives by improving communication system. Today anybody can communicate with a person who lives far away. Technology has made it possible to bridge the gap among people living anywhere in the world.
It has encouraged innovation and creativity in society. Internet and Internet technologies are a strong force behind societal-changing communication and technology. Technology expands our knowledge. It helps us to get more information. It has also helped in predicting environmental disasters.
At the same time we should understand the ill-effects of technology. It makes us much addicted and we lose sight of the real incidents happening in our world. We always live in a virtual world. It makes us selfish and lazy. It upsets the family relationship.
So as human beings it is our responsibility to live mingling with other fellow beings. We should work for the environmental protection. We should have a control over technology to lead a successful life. Let’s us all build a healthy country by using technology in a wise manner.
22. Use the correct form of the verbs given in brackets to fill in the blanks.
Army: Usually I work (work) as a Secretary at Esquire, but this summer I am studying (study) Frenc at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.
Kate: I’m sorry. I can’t hear what you are saying (say) because everybody is talking (talk) so loudly.
23. Even after his marriage Nicholai Ivanich lived stingly. Kept his wife half starved and put the money into the bank in his own name.
Do you approve of the behaviour of Nicholai ? Why?
A) No, I don’t approve of the behaviour of Nicholai. Nicholoai is one of the main characters of the story “Gooseberries” written by Anton Chekov. He is pictured in this story as a man who has only one aim in his life, ‘to buy an estate in countryside with many gooseberries’. He wanted to live in a country side, watching swans and eating gooseberries. Nicholai was working in the Exchequer court living in a town. He was very careful with money that he earned. He wanted to buy an estate with gooseberry bushes. He married very late. Thus he used to live meagerly and never had enough to eat and drink. He was exactly like a beggar. He always saved and put his money into the bank. He also kept his wife starving so that he can save the money to achieve his dream. He was not ready to wait. In the story we can see Nicholai living greedily half of his life. Thus he destroyed half of his life to enjoy the other half. I think that is not the right way of enjoying life. It is not at all pardonable to starve one's wife for the sake of achieving one's dream. He should have waited to accomplish his dream.
24. Read the poem given below and write a note of appreciation.
To take each day as it comes
To take each day as it comes
To gratefully praise the One
Joyfully face the new dawn’s grace
That’s now my everyday plan.
To guard my thought as it roams.
On anything or anyone
To be careful with my words
To use the value of my hands
To do everything I can
And bring a smile to not just one
To celebrate other’s gain,
Not consciously cause another’s pain;
Not all the time comes the sun
For sorrow comes to everyone
And that I must understand
To take each day as it comes
And know that I’m but a man
I will be glad, life’s not that bad
And do my part in God’s plan
That’s now my everyday plan.

                                THE WAY TO SUCCESS
The poem named “To take each day as it comes” is a didactic poem on the importance of leading a successful life. The poem appeals to everyone in the present world. The poem celebrates optimistic thoughts and principles to the readers in a simple way. This poem contains a set of moral instructions. The title of the poem itself unveils the theme of the poem.
The poem exhorts the reader to take each day as it comes and praise and thank the God , our Creator. Then the poet reminds us to make everyday plan to live gracefully on the Earth. The poet also shares his simple thoughts to guard our thoughts and words. Besides he instructs us to consider the value of our hands. He wants everybody to bring a smile on others and to celebrate other’s success. He advises us to take our sorrow in a true spirit and to do our part well in God’s plan. The poet narrates all these principles not only for himself but for the whole mankind.
The poet has made use of several poetic devices and images to inspire us in the right path. We can see the poet’s use of metaphor in the line ‘the new dawn’s grace’ and personification in the line ‘guard my thoughts as it roams’. We can see rhyming words in gain and pain. The poet has used simple language to communicate his stream of thoughts and plans of life. The images used by the poet are really apt to feel the theme of the poem. The mood of the poem is one of joy and optimism. The message of the poet comes from the emotional tie to the readers . The poem has a didactical tone.
The Poet’s thoughts in this poem are really inspiring. It has some similarity to the poem “If” written by Rudyard Kipling as it teaches some virtues to attain manhood.